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Description and Educational Program of Water and Fuel Technology Speciality
1. Standard duration of study of dipl. specialist on the basis of the second level of higher education is five or six months.
2. Professional purpose and possible fields of activity.
The specialist is prepared for industrial-technological, management, design, and research activities in the field of fossil and nuclear power industry. The specialist can work in industrial enterprises, research and design institutions of power industry and associated industries, and can take positions specified for the dipl. specialist.
3. Educational program of the Water and Fuel Technology Speciality is based on a two-level system. The first is Bachelor of Technical Science on the basic direction “Thermal Engineering” with special training (additional special disciplines). Duration of this educational level is four years. The next educational level is Dipl. Engineer with duration of 1.5 years on the Bachelor’s basis. This level completes with diploma defense.
All disciplines studied during training of the dipl. specialist are divided into five groups:
- general humanitarian and socio-economic disciplines; - general natural scientific disciplines; - general professional disciplines; - special disciplines; - engineering training disciplines.
At least 10% of disciplines established by a higher educational institution are provided within the first three groups, including the disciplines selected by students. This provides sufficient flexibility in training of the dipl. specialist.
Duration of theoretical education is 183 weeks at total rate for students 54 hrs per week. Maximum average rate of compulsory studies in semester does not exceed 29 hrs/week, and that of self-education - 25 hrs/week.
4. Structure of professional educational program.
4.1. General humanitarian and socio-economic disciplines:
- Foreign language
- Basis of humanitarian knowledge
- History
- Philosophy
- Politology
- Culturology
- Laws
- Economy and business
- Physical training
- Courses selected by students and established by higher educational institution
4.2. General natural scientific disciplines:
- Higher mathematics
- Informatics
- Physics
- Theoretical mechanics
- Chemistry
- Ecology
- Courses selected by students and established by the higher educational institution
4.3. General professional disciplines:
-Theoretical basis of heat engineering
- Engineering graphics
- Applied mechanics
- Materials
- Electrotechnics and electronics
- Metrology, thermal measurements and instruments, automation
- Technology of centralized production of electricity and heat
-Production and distribution of power sources and industrial enterprises
- Use of energy in power industry and technologies
- Safety of vital activity
- Courses selected by students and established by the higher educational institution
4.4. Special disciplines established by the higher educational institution, including student-selected ones:
- Boilers and steam generators
- Turbines of fossil and nuclear power plants
- Theoretical basis of chemistry technology processes in power industry
- Coolant chemistry monitoring
- Fossil and nuclear power plants
- Water technology
- Cycle chemistry of power-generating units
- Engineering experiment in chemistry technology systems
- Use of fuel and protection of environment
4.5. Engineering training disciplines established by the higher educational institution, including student-selected ones:
- Operation of power-generating units
- Development and construction of fossil power plants with high rate of environmental protection
- Design and commissioning of water treatment equipment at fossil and nuclear power plants
- Coolant conditioning and reliability of fossil and nuclear power plants
- Technology of fuel and oils used in power industry
- Mathematical simulation of cycle chemistry
- Chemistry technology monitoring systems at fossil and nuclear power plants
- Complex processing of highly mineralized solutions in power industry
- Automatic Process Control Systems and Computer
-Aided Design of power-generating equipment
- Optimization of chemistry technology processes
-Operating conditions of heating supply systems
- Special problems of water and fuel chemistry technology
- Safety in chemistry departments and laboratories
- Disciplines given by Scientific Council
5. Control and correspondence of the level of the dipl. specialist training to the state requirements is performed by the State Attestation Board upon completion of the educational and professional program of the first (Bachelor’s) level, and the second level (defense of diploma project). In addition, during all period of study there is rating control of current advance and concluding discipline control. There is also periodical checking of student knowledge during study with special complex control done by state institutions.
Translated by A. Petrov

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TWT Department Laboratories

Chemistry Laboratory
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In this laboratory a physico-chemical analysis of water solutions is performed. Here the laboratory work is performed by the students on four disciplines of 10.06 specialty: “Theoretical Basis of Chemistry Technology Processes in Power Industry”, “Water Technology”, “Cycle Chemistry Monitoring”, and “Chemistry Technology Monitoring Systems”.
The students are familiarized with the basis of wet and instrumental analytical chemistry: determination of concentration of the basic anions of inorganic acids (chloride, sulfate, nitrate etc.); anions of weak (carbon and silicic) acids; cations (calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, copper etc.); soluble gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide); oxidizability, and other water purity parameters.
The laboratory instrumentation includes ion meters, conductivity meters, and potentiometers. This provides determination of the following water parameters: pH, metal ion content, specific conductivity, Eh, corrosion rate etc.
In addition, photoelectric colorimeters, flame-photometers, titrators, and calorimeters are available.
The laboratory is equipped with domestic ion chromatographs. This provides quick determination of a large number of ions and cations.
There is IBM computer connected to INTERNET 
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Laboratory of Fuel and Oils Used in Power Industry 
In this laboratory an analysis and a study of different fuels and oils used in power industry. Here the laboratory and practical work is performed by the 4-5th-year students on several disciplines including: “Fuel and combustion Processes”, “Use of Fuel and Protection of Environment”, “Technology and Monitoring of Fuel and Oil”.
The laboratory instrumentation includes calorimeters, chromatographs for analysis of fuel gas and combustion products composition, instruments for technical analysis of solid and liquid fuel, and for determination of parameters and properties of the oils used in power industry. In the process of laboratory works students are familiarized with principles and basis of wet and instrumental analysis, and determination of properties and parameters of fuel and oil. The students use computers to perform calculations on the basis of experimental data. They develop own programs or use standard software. In addition to the training of students, the laboratory is used to perform research on the fuel technology at power plants.

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Laboratory of Mathematical Simulation of Chemistry Technology Processes
In this laboratory the research and calculations with mathematical models of thermal engineering and chemistry technology units and installations used at fossil and nuclear power plants is performed. Here the laboratory work is performed by the 1st-5th-year students of Thermal Engineering, Industrial Thermal Engineering, and Energy-Physical faculties on the following disciplines: “Informatics”, “Physico-Chemical Basis of Water Use”, “Cycle Chemistry of Power-Generating Units”, “Engineering Experiment”, “Water Technology at Power Plants” etc.
The first-year students are trained within the Informatics to operate up-to-date computers, are familiarized with mathematical software and programs and how to use them in future studies.
The 2nd-5th-year students are familiarized in a course of laboratory studies with: design of the chemistry technology units; chemical and physico-chemical processes taking place in these units and in power-generating equipment at fossil and nuclear power plants. They are trained to develop computer programs and mathematical models. the training is performed with ten original automatic training courses, eleven trainers, and thirteen laboratory works developed by the department personnel.
The 4-5th-year students work on course and diploma projects without assistance, with the knowledge obtained. They widely use eight laboratory IBM computers connected to INTERNET . All computers have DOS and WINDOWS with WORD, EXCEL, MATHCAD, VISUAL BASIC, and other WINDOWS applications. Besides, every year this laboratory hosts personnel of Russian utilities, where they are trained with the automatic training courses and the trainers. Connection of the department server to INTERNET or RAO network gives to the educational personnel of the department possibility to develop and introduce new methods of remote training of the network clients - utility and power plant personnel, students etc.
Translated by A. Petrov

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